Menopause is a physiological process (one of many) that takes place in a woman’s body. The hormonal changes that occur in it have a huge impact on the skin – unfortunately negative. Can they be counteracted? Check out how to prepare for menopause and how to care for your skin during this demanding time.
Menopause – what is it?
Theoretically, everyone knows what menopause is (otherwise known as menopause) and how it manifests itself. This is the period in which the body of a mature woman goes into a state of infertility. If only this were to happen, probably no one would complain about this great change, as if there were no change. Women going through menopause, however, are usually at such an age that they no longer plan to have children. The problem lies elsewhere. Menopause is associated with numerous ailments, i.e. hot flashes and mood swings. This is normal – menopause is associated with hormonal disorders. You should not worry about it, although of course, it can make everyday life very difficult.
Menopause is the opposite of menarche, i.e. the appearance of the first menstruation in girls. Menopause usually takes place between 45 and 55 years of age (according to statistics, on average at the age of 51). However, it should be remembered that in most cases fertility disappears already 10 years before menopause. Climacteric is determined definitively when for 12 months a woman has not had menstruation and has not produced eggs.
The first symptom of impending menopause is unsystematic menstruation. This one is significantly different from the previous one – it is longer or shorter, more or less abundant. In addition, there are characteristic heat waves that can last up to a minute. Common symptoms of menopause are also hyperhidrosis, reddening of the skin (so-called erythema), osteoporosis, decreased libido, body tremor, vaginal dryness, trouble sleeping. How long can a woman struggle with this type of symptom? It turns out even from a year to two years. This is usually a demanding period, especially since it is also associated with mood swings.
Menopause and skin problems and more
Unfortunately, the skin does not tolerate menopause. Hormonal changes are so large and intense that they have a big impact on the complexion. They worsen its condition and accelerate the aging process. How else can menopause affect it? Itching of the skin, as well as its dryness, are common symptoms. Is it possible to counteract this and delay this state? Yes. All skin changes during the menopause period are caused by a decrease in the production of oestrogens, i.e. strong antioxidants. Too little of them leads to an excess of free radicals. What does this mean in practice? The skin ages faster
- it becomes less tense, thinner and more delicate. In addition, there are:
- less hydration of the skin,
- reducing the protective barrier of the skin,
- microcirculation disorders,
- decrease in sebum production,
- slower wound healing,
- the appearance of an “orange peel”,
- hair loss.
Dry skin during menopause
A common symptom of menopause is very dry skin. It is often accompanied by the following ailments:
- peeling of the skin,
- cracking of the skin on the hands and feet,
- feeling of tight skin,
- spots on the skin,
- severe itching.
This type of symptom occurs as a result of the renewal of keratinocytes (cells that make up 90% of the outer layer of the skin), and this promotes the accumulation of old cells on the surface of the epidermis. The protective barrier becomes weaker, the skin is less resistant, and therefore even more exposed to the negative effects of weather conditions. Menopause also has an impact on the sebum levels, hyaluronic acid levels which are naturally produced in the skin. Hence the reason why skin can become drier, depleted and have a dull texture.
Menopausal skin care
Proper skin care during menopause is very important. On the market we will find a lot of products dedicated to women in menopause. It is worth taking an interest in them. They will help reduce the discomfort caused by dry skin. They will also improve its density. Here are some tips on how to take care of your body and face at this specific time:
- use cosmetics with low pH – regardless of whether they are washing preparations or strictly moisturizing,
- do not bathe for a long time in warm or even hot water. This will dry the skin even more,
- remember about hydration, it is best to choose cosmetics with retinoid derivatives,
- drink plenty of water – hydration from the inside plays a key role here,
- use preparations with antioxidants, vitamin C and vitamin E. The presence of these two components is very important, because vitamin E enhances the effect of vitamin C,
- it is also good to choose cosmetics with hyaluronic acid – it is a substance naturally contained in our body, which is responsible for the young and healthy appearance of the skin.
Skin during menopause – recommended treatments
However, cosmetics alone may not be enough. If your skin will be very dry and thin, and longer use of appropriate preparations will not bring relief, you can take advantage of safe and effective aesthetic medicine treatments. These will definitely improve the quality of the skin during the menopause, because they will inhibit the symptoms of aging that result from oestrogen deficiencies.
This is a modern and very popular treatment, which consists in injecting the skin with non-cross-linked hyaluronic acid (sometimes in combination with other ingredients, e.g. amino acids or vitamins). This substance, naturally contained in our body, not only strongly moisturizes the skin, but is also characterized by a revitalizing effect. As a result, it adds radiance to the skin, strengthens its protective barrier or improves color. Mesotherapy will work not only during menopause. It’s just a great anti-aging therapy at every stage.
Peelings are associated primarily with exfoliation, but it should not be forgotten that many of them also contribute to the increase in hydration of the epidermis and dermis. Such action is characterized, among others, by glycolic acid (in a concentration of up to 35%), which perfectly hydrates the epidermis. If we choose a higher concentration, then there will also be a strong exfoliation and renewal of the skin by activating fibroblasts to produce collagen. Chemical peels can be suitable for all skin types and should be used with caution. A expert in skincare and aesthetic treatments should be sought for most invaluable advice and correct direction.
In this treatment, a high-energy concentrated ultrasonic wave penetrates into the epidermis and “heats” the muscle fascia, which causes an almost immediate lifting effect. HIFU also stimulates collagen to increased production, which firms and makes the skin more elastic. HIFU is the only treatment which penetrates deep within the skin and targets the SMAS layer which will help the skins elasticity and collagen development to help the skin look more tight.
Menopause and skin – summary
The menopausal period is very specific and for many women – very burdensome. It is worth to surround yourself with special care – not only when it comes to care, but also mental health. And all this so that the head and skin after menopause and during the recovery of good condition. It is always worth supporting yourself with the support of a specialist – in many cases, menopause is so difficult to endure that it requires hormone therapy.